Inject new motivation for global biodiversity governance
Original title: Global Biodiversity Governance Injection Injection Injection In the various benefits and conveniences of enjoys scientific and technological progress, the relationship between human and nature has fallen into the crisis.
At present, global faces have accelerated speed, and the loss of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. These are constantly warning human beings, and they must be deeply reflect 上海闵行水磨店 on the relationship between people and nature. Xi Jinping ‘s ecological civilization thoughts have drawn the traditional wisdom of "Taoism and Nature" in China, "Tiansheng", which has made "good ecological environment is the most equitable public product, and is the most popular people’s livelihood" and other green development. The concept, this is a highly accompanying the goal of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Ecological Environment Governance to provide Chinese wisdom and Chinese programs for the global ecological environmental governance. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Comrade Xi Jinping has promoted the construction of the top floor design and institutional system in the core, and innovatively combines biodiversity protection with the 上海贵族宝贝sh1314 national standards, promoting the implementation of the ecological protection red line system. The park is the main body of natural protection and promotes the governance and repair of lake in Lantian, which provides a system guarantee for the restoration of my country’s biodiversity, and has achieved remarkable results.
This is mainly reflected in the following aspects: First, the awareness of biodiversity in the whole society is significantly enhanced. "Green Water Qingshan is the idea of ??Jinshan Yinshan" has become the consensus and action of the whole party’s society, and more and more people have turned from the user to the protector, and they eat "ecological protection", when the wilder And the bulletin. Since 2016, Tibet and Qinghai have accumulated more than 900,000 ecological nodes, and nearly 8 billion yuan in farmers and herdsmen.
Second, the basic research level of biodiversity is fully improved. The Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ecological Environment Department, the National Forest Form, etc. my country’s biodiversity research level and international and research-based biodiversity origin, evolution and maintenance mechanism and the research level of endangered species protection biology are present international leadings.
Again, science has implemented the world’s largest ecological restoration project. my country has implemented natural forest protection and repair, Beijing-Tian Feng Shayuan governance project, the comprehensive protection forest system of rocky desertification, three-north project, and returning to the grass, the grass, the grass, the river and wetland protection repair, red A number of major ecological protection and repair projects such as forest and coastal wetland protection, launched 25 pilot projects of 25 mountainous water forest Tima grass ecological protection projects, launched 10 mountainous water forest Tamada grazor integrated protection and repair projects.
The preliminary national ecological protection red line covers the key area of ??national biodiversity distribution, incorporating all kinds of natural protection and most biodiversity maintenance function areas.
From 2000 to 2017, 25% from China, contributing to the world’s first place.
Finally, the construction of natural protective land and wild plant protection is new. At present, nearly 10,000 natural protected parts have been built, with 18% of land area of ??land area, and achieve the 17% target determined by "Aichi Target" in advance.
By building a scientific reasonable natural protection system, 90% of terrestrial ecosystem types and 71% focus protection wildlife plant species are effectively protected.
The system implements endangered species rescue projects, and rare and endangered wildlife populations are resumed and increased, and the threat is reduced.
Giant Pandas with international attention is the most successful protection case in the field of biodiversity. Overall, the biodiversity of land ecosystems in my country has been protected, but the overall trend of decline in China’s biodiversity due to multiple factors such as land use change, climate change, pollution and foreign species invasion, my country’s biodiversity decline has not yet been Effective curb, biodiversity, especially marine biodiversity, still face many challenges. The marine biodiversity is an important part of biodiversity. The study shows that my country’s coral reef ecosystem is damaged, and the coverage of reef corals in local area in recent years is less than 10%.
General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the construction of marine ecological civilization. Many points to build a marine destiny community, strengthen marine environment pollution prevention, protect marine biodiversity, and realize the orderly development and utilization of marine resources, leaving a blue sea blue sky for future generations. In the future, we need to strengthen the planning of marine national parks and protection, strengthen marine biodiversity protection, especially the protection and repair of coral reef ecosystems.
The Fifteenth Conference of the Biological Diversity Convention (CBDCOP15) held in Kunming, will formulate the "Global Biodiversity Framework" after 2020, which is aimed at the global biodiversity protection in the next 10 years.
As the host country and attentive presidential country of COP15, my country is actively organizing and participating in the discussion and consultation of the Global Biodiversity Framework after 2020, striving to achieve the three objectives of the "Convention on Biological Diversity, both and pragmatic Make care of the landmark framework for developing countries, injecting new motivation for global biodiversity governance. At present, my country’s biodiversity protection and protection biology research have entered a new stage. In the future, we have to set foot on the new journey with COP15, and scientifically help China’s biodiversity protection, and make greater contributions to achieving "people and natural harmony symbiosis".
Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Executive Deputy Director of the Endangered Species Science Committee of the People’s Republic of China) (Editor: Wanpeng, Lephen).